Title: The Reality of Artificial Intelligence Applications to Enhance Cybersecurity Strategies and Policies in Universities: A Comparative Study between Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom

Abstract:Universities in the United Kingdom (UK) and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) possess significant intellectual property as a result of research and other academic materials, making them appealing targets for cybercriminals. Researchers will expect their delicate work and economically valuable material to be securely maintained and protected from loss or misuse. Institutions should do a cyber security risk assessment and establish the optimal technological, human, and process arrangements. This study aims to investigate the reality of artificial intelligence applications to enhance cybersecurity strategies and policies in universities in both Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom. The study showed that The United Kingdom and other countries are members of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime, but Saudi Arabia is not, despite plans to join. Besides it showed that Saudi Arabia\'s national cybersecurity policy and execution are still in their infancy. There is currently no National Cyber Security Policy, and while legislation against electronic crime is in place, it does not appear to be effective, as the reported crime rate has continued to rise in recent years. The United Kingdom is now enacting a new Data Protection Act, which will implement GDPR rules in the country. After GDPR is implemented, the individual in the UK will have significantly stronger privacy and data protection rights than the individual in Saudi Arabia. The findings indicated that the United Kingdom has already published its National Cyber Security Strategy twice, while Saudi Arabia has only recently issued an outline of its National Cyber Security Strategy. Finally, the study concluded that Saudi Arabia should immediately adopt a National Cyber Security Strategy and then establish the major institutions and assign roles and duties at the national level. Additionally, Saudi Arabia\'s policymakers should prioritize enhancing residents\' privacy through this cybercrime law and also enacting data protection legislation.


Abstract:This paper reports a study that has been carried out in environmentally sustainable schools in Malaysia. The schools were awarded as the Environmentally Sustainable School (ESS) by Department of Environment (DOE) as part of initiatives in creating awareness of a healthy environment for younger generations. The study highlights the concept of knowledge management based on the understanding that specific knowledge in ESS needs to be managed well to sustain the schools’ environment. The same goes for leadership. Should there be a specific leadership style to enable them to sustain the schools’ environment? Thus, the study examines knowledge management practices, sustainable leadership practices and the relationship between those variables in ESS. Furthermore, the study also seeks if there is any difference in practice of knowledge management and sustainable leadership between two groups of ESS which are the successful ESS and less successful ESS. The findings showed that there is no difference in the overall practices of knowledge management and sustainable leadership in those two categories of schools. Hence, further research on the sustainability of schools’ environment particularly in relation to school’s leadership and management is indispensable.


Abstract:The relevance of the study is dictated by the high frequency and prevalence of female infertility and the development of fetal pathologies that can be embedded in the very nature of the germ cells or occur during their development. The revealed histological features of the ovarian structure strongly indicate the puberty of experimental animals, which is confirmed by our studies on the rhythm of the alternation of the estral cycle and the total duration of its cycles. The data obtained will contribute to the medical embryology and will contribute to the research of approaches and methods of antenatal and postnatal protection of the fetus.

Title: Cryopreservation of Fertility Specimens: The Intersection of Occupational Safety and Ethical Considerations

Abstract:BACKGROUND: With the increasing demands in medicine and scientific research, it is imperative to maintain the integrity of laboratory test samples. One of the most valued strategies in preserving tissues and organs prior to their use in research is cryopreservation. Although these methods are found to be crucial and contributing a lot to the modern-day medicine and scientific research, the concerns on the safety and ethical considering are raising a concern. AIM: In this review, we discuss some of the challenges regarding cryopreservation that require a rational ethical and safety approaches. The paper discussed some of the breakthroughs in cryopreservation, safety and ethical concerns with various cryopreservation techniques. Future Prospects: It is clear that in order to meet the demands and sustain cryopreservation, safety and ethics need to be checked. In addition, there is a need for adequate training of staff working directly with biologic specimens. There is a need for standard screening of blood borne pathogens, advanced packaging strategy appropriate for immersion in liquid nitrogen and optimal risk reduction measures when transporting or storing specimens. Cryopreservation should center on risk management of cryofacilities and service. When these are enhanced, the tendency of violating occupational health and safety will be low. Furthermore, when the ethical issues are in line with societal perception, establishment of cryopreservation will attract business men and hence competition to add quality service delivery.

Title: Abandonos de Tesis: Experiencias de Estudiantes Doctorales en L�nea Durante el Desarrollo de Tesis.

Abstract:Este estudio de carácter fenomenológico y cualitativo se dedicó a examinar las experiencias vividas por candidatos a doctorado en EE.UU. mediante la educación a distancia. La investigación permitió detallar las dificultades que ellos enfrentaron durante el proceso de elaboración de su tesis y que, eventualmente, les llevaron a retirarse del programa doctoral. Los datos del estudio se recopilaron a través de entrevistas con preguntas abiertas para que cada estudiante narrara su vivencia. En la investigación se utilizaron los procedimientos del Análisis Fenomenológico Interpretativo (IPA) para evaluar los datos y la técnica IPA ayudó a construir una relación entre los eventos vividos, permitiéndoles obtener un mejor conocimiento de las situaciones atravesadas por los participantes. Los datos obtenidos reflejaron cinco temas principales que llevaron al retiro de los estudiantes de sus respectivos programas. Estos hallazgos se suman al cuerpo de conocimiento sobre las conexiones de los estudiantes de doctorado en línea con los tutores y asesores académicos durante el proceso de su realización. Como resultado, los hallazgos del estudio pueden ayudar a otros a construir programas efectivos que ayuden al progreso académico y a la finalización de este nivel de estudios superiores.


Abstract:This study aims to identify the effect of robot-utilized instruction on the improvement of creative convergence core competencies and career preparation behaviour of middle school students. \nThe experiments lasted eight weeks (16 sessions), and 40 middle school students participated in the study. The participants were randomly assigned to two groups: an experimental group (20 students) and a control group (20 students). The experimental group students participated in robot-utilized instruction, whereas the students of the control group participated general theory-oriented class on similar topics. Pre-and post-tests were conducted to measure creative-convergence core competencies (Soomi Lee, 2020), and career preparation behaviour (Bong Hwan Kim, 1997). Statistical analysis was conducted using the SPSS 21.0 program. The results of this study confirmed that robot-utilized instruction effectively improved the creative convergence core competencies and career preparation behavior of middle school students. These results suggest that it is a viable alternative to fostering creative convergence talents to prepare students for an unpredictable future characterized by hyperconnectivity and super-intelligence.


Abstract:The article emerges and oriented to the students\' perception of the creation of a company and the application of practical theoretical knowledge seen during the race. The usual problems in the educational stages are related to the competence of the professionals in the face of the diverse labor situations in the 21st century. Innovation in methodologies applied to teach is the priority tool. The study was conducted with a significant sample of 138 university students from semester 1 to 10 in the Economic and Administrative Sciences Program, in addition to Engineering. The results of the descriptive and empirical study, show the behavior of solution variables by the students and the teachers that was used during the study. The research itself encourages teamwork with active methodologies where the continued participation of teachers and university students in the classrooms broadens knowledge for its subsequent application. The study, based on the sample obtained, highlights that there are many factors that inhibit the full development of an integral education that influences the student so that he/she can successfully complete his/her university education, having a practical approach to learning during training, for which, there are many causal components that inhibit such development.

Title: Assessment share of women in the number of higher education institutions teachers: Russian regions data

Abstract:The purpose of our research was to evaluate the indicators characterizing the gender structure of scientific and pedagogical personnel in higher education institutions in the regions of Russia. These indicators were the share of women faculty in the total number of teachers of higher education institutions in 2017-2020. We used official statistical information for 82 regions of Russia. We used the density functions of the normal distribution as models. The results of the computational experiment showed that the share of female faculty in the number of scientific and pedagogical staff was in the range from 60% to 62%. That is, there was a feminization of higher education. In all regions of Russia, except one, the number of women faculty exceeded the number of men faculty. Thus, there is a gender gap in favor of women. The proposed methodological approach and the results obtained have a scientific novelty, since the assessment of the territorial features of the gender structure of teachers in higher education institutions has not been carried out before in Russian regions.

Title: Parameters and functionality of hybrid neural network for the organization of student�s research activities

Abstract:Hybrid neural networks are an effective tool for solving complex, multicomponent, multifunctional tasks with elements of fuzzy modeling. The current task of the society to develop for creative and critical thinking individuals is dictated the need for the management and development of project and research activities of students. In this regard, it is relevant to build a hybrid intelligent system for supporting of student’s research activities and personal achievements with the support of expert systems. The assessment quality and using the dynamic level random sampling of content, tools and instructions for search, creative activity and reflection on the layers of an artificial neural network are observed. The purpose of this study is to determine the methodology, architecture, parameters and functionality of project’s organization and management and research activities of students in support context by using a hybrid intellectual system in rich information and educational environment.\nThe methodology of intelligent systems introducing into project’s organization and student’s research activities are based on personal-activity and synergetic approaches, the concept of founding the person’s experience in the conditions of uncertainty, actualization of the phenomenon of complex knowledge in solving of poorly structured tasks and the visibility of mathematical and computer modeling symbiosis in the study of multi-stage mathematical and information tasks.\nResults. The requirements and model of the organization and construction of an artificial neural network for design supporting and research activities and the growth of student’s scientific potential based on the expert systems (architecture, parameters, functionality, databases and knowledge, interpreter), including selection criteria, hierarchy and content of generalized constructs of complex knowledge (modern achievements in science) are developed with a random selection on the layers of the neural network.\nSocial significance. The construction of individual educational trajectories of student\'s design and research activities development based on the implementation of hybrid intellectual support environment will allow the developing the student\'s personal potential (creativity, criticality, self-organization, academic success), increasing the educational motivation and the adapting of modern achievements in science to school mathematics, create conditions for the modernization of educational programs in digital environment developing.

Title: Exploring the Factors Affecting International Graduate Students’ Use of Writing Centers Based on Their Experiences

Abstract:This study aimed to investigate international students� perception and perspectives about a writing center to understand more about the efficacy of writing centers. The participants were graduate students who studied at a public university in the U.S., and they all had had some bad experiences in the writing center. The data in the present research were collected from two sources: five interviews and two observations. After analyzing the collected data, the researcher found out that grammar correction was the first priority that the international students expected the tutors in the writing center to do for them. It was also one of the main factors that affected the international students� future use of the center. The researcher also found that the interviewees were not satisfied with the qualification of the tutors in the writing center. Many of them thought that most of the consultants were undergraduate students and they did not know anything about their (interviewees�) fields. Furthermore, the participants complained that the consulting time was insufficient and the tutor�s attitude was bad while they were asked to read their assignment out loud. These points can serve as the key to improving the service quality and sustainability of writing centers.