Abstract:Family mealtimes constitute occasions for not only engaging members in feeding and eating but also reinforcing family identity. Yet, fast-changing conditions in China have influenced the dynamics of the family; one factor of great importance is that most dual-earner households have little time to engage with their children in family mealtimes. This phenomenological study attempts to explore the nature and characteristics of dining table cultures through informants’ lived experience in childhood. From a child’s perspective, four characteristics of family education perceived by informants confirm the value of dining table culture for parent-child bonding, Chinese cultural transmission, and implications for future parents who should be aware of the impact of dining table culture to maintain the well-being of family members.
Abstract:The traditional wireless network laboratory constructed with physical equipment prompts two obvious problems: high hardware investment and long experiment deployment time. To address these issues, this study proposed a novel Wireless Network Physical Teaching System (WNPTS) based on Edge Computing (EC). Firstly, the isolation design of in-band and out-band network avoids the inter-ference between management data and experimental data. Secondly, this study designed a unified experimental resource description method based on XML format, which is parsed and executed by parser and topology switcher to realize the rapid deployment of the experimental environment. In the edge computing layer, multiple Virtual Network Devices (VNDs) were implemented on one physical network device through the following mechanisms: in the process space, each virtual device used an independent working directory and files to build an application software cluster dedicated to each VND. In physical space, this study designed a novel fast-forwarding mechanism, which takes each switch engine chip as one allocation unit and maps the forwarding table in the kernel space to realize the fast data forwarding for each VND. Statistical analysis shows that, compared with traditional approach, WNPTS reduced the total fixed investment cost by 30.25%, shortened the Average Deployment Time of Experimental En-vironment (ADTEE) from 18.3 minutes to 2.75 minutes, and improved the Timely Completion Rate of Experiments (TCRE) from 59% to 70%.
Abstract:Background: Elderly radial arterial cannulation is challenging and timeconsuming.Ultrasound guidance can increase the success rate of thisprocedure, reduce its associated complications, and shorten the proceduraltime.Aims: Here we compared ultrasound-guided radial artery cannulation with thetraditional palpation technique in elderly patients.Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 90 elderly patients undergoingnon-cardiac surgery were randomly divided into ultrasound-guided andpalpation groups and subsequently underwent arterial cannulation performedby anesthesia residents via either method. The primary outcomes were firstattemptcannulation success rate, overall success rate, and cannulation time.The secondary outcome was the incidence of cannulation-relatedcomplications.Results: A total of 89 elderly patients were analyzed in the present study. Thefirst-attempt success rate in the ultrasound-guided group (84.09%) was foundto be significantly higher than that in the palpation group (55.5%, P = 0.003).The cannulation time turned out to be significantly shorter in the ultrasoundguidedgroup (45.7 ï¿½ 11.0s) than in the palpation group (54.2 ï¿½ 16.2s, P = 0.000).The number of attempts in ultrasound-guided group was less than in palpationgroup. However, there was no significant difference in the rates of overallsuccess and cannulation-related complications between the two groups.Conclusions: Compared to traditional palpation, the ultrasound-guidedtechnique is recommended for elderly arterial cannulation, with a highersuccess rate of cannulation and fewer complications.
Abstract:The research problem was characterized by the existence of some shortcomings and deficiencies in applying E-Training effectively in Arab countries, due to its lack of basic standards. Therefore, the current research aims to identify the reality of applying e-training in the Arab countries during the Corona pandemic and the extent to which the trainees accept it. The quantitative descriptive analysis method is used to analyze the primary data that was collected through two tools: a questionnaire that was distributed to (264) trainees and a notecard to evaluate (15) training course. The research reached noteworthy results, including that the training programs provided during the Corona pandemic did not take into account the application of regulatory, executive, and evaluation standards due to the presence of several problems and challenges facing the training process, including technical support, lack of continuous evaluation and the weak design of the presented programs which reflected on the acceptance extent of the trainees for the e-training according to their job experiences, and nationalities. Also, the research recommended a necessity to apply specific standards of e-training that support all institutions and companies in achieving their mission and strategic goals.
Abstract:The internet is changing traditional classroom teaching. WeChat as a new online communication tool is being used in teaching in China. However, few studies have explored the role and effectiveness of WeChat teaching. This study introduced a sustainable teaching mode to reveal how WeChat can be successfully integrated with traditional classroom teaching. The results showed that WeChat played a positive and effective role in student learning. The combination of classroom teaching with WeChat teaching extends the temporal, spatial, and subject matter aspects of education because the later helps develop a sustainable and synergic learning community.
Abstract:ABSTRACT\nThe COVID-19 global pandemic situation has led to major psychological problems, economical issues and it became a source of increasing the online shopping activity. We should try to find a method for people with allergies to the vaccine, acute health diseases to help them stay away of COVID-19 and not to worsen their medical status. Now, it is a big desire to discover prevention methods which are safe, easy to administrate and cheap to fight against COVID-19 and even to find a solution for people who can’t do any vaccine. \nThis review seeks to present the link between a microelement who can’t be absorbed from processed food, zinc, and the newest challenge of 2020 year, SARS-CoV-2.\nFurthermore, this pandemic situation caused by SARS-CoV-2 is wreaking havoc all over the world, especially in patients with weakened immunity, which can lead to respiratory tract infections, pneumonia. One of the best solution is to treat it quickly with trace elements (zinc, selenium) and vitamins (vitamin A, C, D, E).\nZinc, an essential micronutrient, plays a key role in the immune system, by increasing the normal biological process and being present in 10% of the protein involved in basic cell functions.\nIn conclusion, there are not enough scientific results on the connection between zinc and COVID-19 infections. This study tips the results for a positive association of them, but randomized controlled trials are mandatory to verify on a wide number of people (n>1000) if zinc can be a solution for 2020 pandemic.
Abstract:The purpose of this study is to develop and validate the creative home environment test (CHET) for elementary school students. First, after deducting the domain and components through literature research, the content validity by experts was confirmed and 20 questions in two domains were developed as preliminary test questions. The participants of this study were 145 elementary school students, and the collected data were statistically processed using SPSS WIN 22.0 and AMOS WIN 22.0 programs to verify the reliability and validity of the test. The appropriateness of the sample of KMO(Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin) was confirmed and Bartlett\'s sphere formation test was performed. Exploratory factor analysis was performed by using the main axis decomposition method and oblimin rotation, confirmatory factor analysis maximum likelihood method, and fitness indexes such as CFI, IFI, TLI and RMSEA were used. The final decision of the creative home environment test for elementary school students was made in two domains, total 17 questions, and the reliability of each area was Cronbach .750~.878, and the total reliability was .892. As such, the creative home environment test developed in this study has the validity and reliability of measurement questions for each area, so it can be used to measure the creative home environment for elementary school students.
Abstract:This review is about what it takes to talk recently published exploring developmental cognitive linguistics. Its aim is to give an overall summary and evaluation. The book is to investigate the role of cognition in the language learning process and address the developmental mechanism in balance between creativity and conformity in language acquisition and use. It is beneficial for our understanding of cognitive basis of linguistics and language development.
Abstract:This study aims to investigate the dimensions and infrastructures effective in the development of electronic government (E-government) in the two cities of Erzurum and Tabriz (as pilot). The factors affecting the E-government maturity are as follows: individual dimension, organizational dimension, technological dimension and the services provided. Research population includes the active citizens in the two cities of Erzurum and Tabriz (as two societies independent from each other). The study sample in Erzurum and Tabriz consists of 435 and 406 citizens, respectively. In addition to confirming the maturity of E-government model and the presence of significant relationship between each of the factors affecting it, the results identified that organizational dimension, technological dimension, as well as the services provided are in a better position in Erzurum compared to Tabriz. However, there is not any significant difference between the two cities of Erzurum and Tabriz regarding the individual dimension of E-government.
Abstract:The latent variables embedded within the model to measure the academic performance of private higher education institutions are identified in this article. For the quantitative research design, 247 questionnaires, using a five-point Likert scale, were analysed after completion by private higher education supervisors and managers. The data has high reliability with a Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.989 and excellent sample adequacy with a KMO value of 0.946. The analysis identified ten latent variables (or factors), using exploratory factor analysis explaining a cumulative variance of 73.70%. These are Motivation, workload and student participation, Parent income level, attitudes and expectations, Institutional commitment and self-efficacy, Active learning and infrastructure, Class size, Help-seeking and attendance, Selectivity, expenditure and retention, Economic factors, Student maturity and success, and Self-concept. The study also succeeded to simplify measuring performance by eliminating 17 questions with low factor loadings (<0.40) or those that are cross-loading highly onto more than one factor from the questionnaire while retaining a satisfactory level of reliability. The results are valuable to private higher education managers and to the employees wanting to measure and improve academic performance at private higher education institutions. Researchers and academia could also benefit from the contribution of the study to either build on the academic performance of private institutions or to adopt the methodology employed in this study for another application setting.